July

1st. July

2nd. July

3rd. July

4th. July

5th. July

6th. July

7th. July

8th. July

9th. July

10th. July

11th. July

12th. July

13th. July

14th. July

15th. July

16th. July

17th. July

1695

the Bank of Scotland was established under an Act of the Scottish Parliament

 

18th. July

1621

This is the first recorded record of the St. Boswells Fair which celebrates the Saint’s day of Boisil in the Gregorian calendar. This popular event still takes place in the village of St. Boswells in the Scottish Borders

19th. July

1333

The battle of Halidon Hill, Berwick Commenced. The English army led by Edward III and Edward Balliol defeated the Scots who were being commanded by Sir. Archibald Douglas

20th. July

1811

James Bruce, the 8th Lord Elgin, Scottish Liberal statesman and diplomat, was born. During his career he served as Governor-General of Canada, 1847-54, and India, 1862-63, and was also special envoy to China and Japan

21st. July

1796

Robert Burns died in Dumfries. The cause of death appears to have been heart failure, probably brought on by the hard, physical work done in his youth

22nd. July

1650

Oliver Cromwell invaded Scotland and proceeded to the eastern edge of Edinburgh where the Scots formed a defensive line within the city

23rd. July

1745

Prince Charles Edward Stewart, "The Young Pretender", landed in Eriskay in the Outer Hebrides with only seven men. Bonnie Prince Charlie managed to talk Cameron of Lochiel into supporting his cause and within a month had raised his standard at Glenfinnan

24th. July

1567

Mary, Queen of Scots was forced to abdicate the throne. Lord Ruthven and Lord Lindsay visited Mary while she was held at Loch Leven castle and threatened her with immediate execution if she did not sign the abdication papers there and then. Unsurprisingly, Mary abdicated

25th. July

1843

Charles MacIntosh, inventor of the plastic mac, died. Charles discovered the first rainproof cloth in 1818, by joining two sheets of fabric together with dissolved India Rubber

26th. July

1513

James iv. responded to requests for help from France and declared war on England. Apart from assisting the French, who had been invaded by an English army, James was also upset at England's seizing of two Scottish ships and the non-payment of part of the dowry for his wife, Margaret Tudor

27th. July

1689

The Battle of Killiecrankie took place. This occurred when the government sent north an army to deal with Viscount Dundee and his newly formed Jacobite army in its Atholl heartland. The Jacobites delivered a crushing blow to the government troops under General Mackay

28th. July

1645

At Dunkeld, Perthshire, the Royalist Marquess of Montrose beat General Baillie in a skirmish which was part of the English Civil War. For a war of position’s, the Highlanders had neither aptitude nor inclination and at Dunkeld the greater part of them went home

29th. July

1567

King James VI was crowned at Stirling. Regarded as "The Wisest Fool in Christendom", he succeeded to the English throne in 1603

30th. July

1547

The Protestants responsible for the murder of Cardinal David Beaton surrendered St Andrews Castle to French forces. Beaton's execution in 1546 of the popular preacher, George Wishart, sparked a rebellion of Protestant lairds who seized the castle and killed Beaton

31st. July

1187

MacWilliam was beaten by William I of Scotland at Mam Garvia Moor, Moray. William I faced revolts in Galloway where he had the royal castle of Dumfries constructed to help keep the peace

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