October

1st. October

1788

William Brodie, a Deacon of Edinburgh who socialised with the likes of Robert Burns by day and was a housebreaker and thief by night used his trade as a locksmith and cabinet maker to aid his robberies was hanged at Edinburgh's Tolbooth

 

2nd. October

3rd. October

1357

The Treaty of Berwick was signed at Berwick-upon-Tweed, ending the Second War of Scottish Independence and allowing King David II to be freed from English captivity and allowed Edward Balliol to take the throne again despite him never being accepted by the Scottish people

4th. October

1648

Oliver Cromwell was welcomed by Archibald Campbell, Marquis of Argyll and the Covenanters of the Kirk Party to Edinburgh for a meeting which led to Cromwell leaving troops of the New Model Army to protect the hard-line Presbyterians

5th. October

1922

John “Jock” Stein was born. Jock became a football player for Celtic F.C. in 1951, later becoming manager of Hibernian, Dunfermline and then Celtic before becoming manage of Scotland in 1978

6th. October

1918

The H.M.S. Otranto sank in Machir Bay off North Western Islay after it collided in fog with the HMS Kashmir. There were approx. 490 crewmen US servicemen and rescued French Fishermen, of these 468 men were lost, 80 members of the British crew, the 37 French Fishermen and 351 US servicemen leaving only 19 survivors

 

7th. October

1907

Helen Clark MacInnes was born in Glasgow. Helen was later to become a novelist writing 21 espionage thrillers such as Assignment in Brittany, Pray for a Brave Heart and Ride a Pale Horse which was her last novel

8th. October

1774

Rev. Henry Duncan, founder of the first ever savings bank, was born at Lochrutton. A great champion of the poor, he set the bank up in his parish of Ruthwell, Dumfriesshire to assist parishioners who could not afford the 10-pounds deposit required by other banks.

9th. October

1900

John Patrick Crichton-Stuart, 3rd Marquess of Bute died. He was a scholar, historian, archaeologist, romantic, mystic, and one of the greatest patrons of the arts in the Victorian era.

10th. October

1797

Thomas Drummond was born in Edinburgh, Thomas was an engineer and the inventor of the Drummond Light  and worked for the Ordnance Survey of Ireland before becoming a senior administrator in Ireland

11th. October

1760

Lord George Murray died in Medemblik, Holland at the age of 66. Lord Murray was a professional soldier and Jacobite who was one of Bonnie Prince Charlie's commanders during the ill-fated 1745 uprising

12th. October

1511

The warship Michael, also known as Great Michael, was launched for the Royal Scottish Navy of King James IV at Newhaven on the River Forth

13th. October

1862

Rail Disaster: 15 people were killed and 35 injured when two trains collided head on in a cutting a mile and a half north east of Winchburgh, West Lothian

14th. October

1318

Edward Bruce, Earl of Carrick, High King of Ireland died at the Battle of Faughart. Edward was the younger brother of King Robert the Bruce of Scotland

 

 

15th. October

1651

Charles Stuart II, King of Scotland, England and Ireland sailed to France from Sussex after being hunted for six weeks as a fugitive in England by Oliver Cromwell’s men

16th. October

17th. October

1796

Sir James Nicholas Sutherland Matheson was born in Shiness, Lairg. Sir James was one of the founders of the Jardine Matheson trading empire which still exists today

18th. October

19th. October

20th. October

21st. October

22nd. October

1589

King James VI sailed to Norway to collect his new bride, Anne of Denmark the second daughter of King Frederick II of Denmark

23rd. October

1295

A treaty is agreed between King John Balliol and King Philippe IV of France that marks the start of the long-standing "Auld Alliance"

24th. October

1378

David Stewart, 1st Duke of Rothesay was born. David was the oldest son of King Robert III of Scotland and heir to the Scottish throne

25th. October

1586

Mary Queen of Scots was found guilty of treason against Queen Elizabeth I at Fotheringhay Castle in Northamptonshire and sentenced to death

26th. October

27th. October

1327

Queen Elizabeth de Burgh, the second wife of Robert the Bruce, died at Cullen Castle. Her Internal organs were buried in Cullen Old Kirk  while the remaining body was taken south for burial at Dunfermline Abbey

28th. October

1562

Mary Queen of Scots and her half-brother James Stewart, 1st Earl of Moray, defeated George, the 4th Earl of Huntly at the Battle of Corrichie. The Stewart’s aimed to rein in his ambition’s

29th. October

30th. October

31st. October

1860

Admiral Thomas Cochrane, 10th Earl of Dundonald of Paisley and of Ochiltree, Marquess of Maranhão in the Empire of Brazil died in London from complications during a kidney stone operation. Admiral Cochrane achieved fame as one of the most daring Captains of the Napoleonic war

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