On This Day In Scottish History – July

Scottish History - July

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17th.

Scottish History - July 17
17 July 1695
the Bank of Scotland was established
under an Act of the Scottish Parliament.

 

 

18th.

Scottish History - July
18th July 1621
This is the first recorded record of the St. Boswells Fair which celebrates the Saint’s day of Boisil in the Gregorian calendar. This popular event still takes place in the village of St. Boswells in the Scottish Borders.

 

19th.

Scottish History - July 19
19th July 1333
The battle of Halidon Hill, Berwick Commenced.
The English army led by Edward III and Edward Balliol defeated the Scots who were being commanded by Sir. Archibald Douglas.

20th.

Scottish History - July
20TH July 1811
James Bruce, the 8th Lord Elgin, Scottish Liberal statesman and diplomat, was born.
During his career he served as Governor-General of Canada, 1847-54, and India, 1862-63, and was also special envoy to China and Japan.

21st.

Scottish History - July
21 July 1796
Robert Burns died in Dumfries. The cause of death appears to have been heart failure, probably brought on by the hard, physical work done in his youth.

22nd.

Scottish History - July
22 July 1650
Oliver Cromwell invaded Scotland and proceeded to the eastern edge of Edinburgh where the Scots formed a defensive line within the city.

23rd.

Scottish History - July
23 July 1745
Prince Charles Edward Stewart, "The Young Pretender", landed in Eriskay in the Outer Hebrides with only seven men. Bonnie Prince Charlie managed to talk Cameron of Lochiel into supporting his cause and within a month had raised his standard at Glenfinnan.

24th.

Scottish History - July
24th July 1567
Mary, Queen of Scots was forced to abdicate the throne. Lord Ruthven and Lord Lindsay visited Mary while she was held at Loch Leven castle and threatened her with immediate execution if she did not sign the abdication papers there and then. Unsurprisingly, Mary abdicated.

25th.

Scottish History - July
25th July 1843
Charles MacIntosh, inventor of the plastic mac, died. Charles discovered the first rainproof cloth in 1818, by joining two sheets of fabric together with dissolved India Rubber.

26th.

Scottish History - July
26th July 1513
James iv. responded to requests for help from France and declared war on England. Apart from assisting the French, who had been invaded by an English army, James was also upset at England's seizing of two Scottish ships and the non-payment of part of the dowry for his wife, Margaret Tudor.

27th.

Scottish History - July
27th July 1689
The Battle of Killiecrankie took place. This occurred when the government sent north an army to deal with Viscount Dundee and his newly formed Jacobite army in its Atholl heartland.
The Jacobites delivered a crushing blow to the government troops under General Mackay.

28th.

Scottish History - July
28th July 1645
At Dunkeld, Perthshire, the Royalist Marquess of Montrose beat General Baillie in a skirmish which was part of the English Civil War. For a war of position’s, the Highlanders had neither aptitude nor inclination and at Dunkeld the greater part of them went home.

29th.

Scottish History - July
29th July 1567
King James VI was crowned at Stirling.
Regarded as "The Wisest Fool in Christendom",
he succeeded to the English throne in 1603.

30th.

Scottish History - July
30th July 1547
The Protestants responsible for the murder of Cardinal David Beaton surrendered St Andrews Castle to French forces.
Beaton's execution in 1546 of the popular preacher, George Wishart, sparked a rebellion of Protestant lairds who seized the castle and killed Beaton.

31st.

Scottish History - July
31st July 1187
MacWilliam was beaten by William I of Scotland at Mam Garvia Moor, Moray.
William I faced revolts in Galloway where he had the royal castle of Dumfries constructed to help keep the peace.

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