On This Day In Scottish History – July 19th July 2018 Gengenie Research Leave a comment Scottish History - July1st.2nd.3rd.4th.5th.6th.7th.8th.9th.10th.11th.12th.13th.14th.15th.16th.17th.17 July 1695the Bank of Scotland was establishedunder an Act of the Scottish Parliament. 18th.18th July 1621This is the first recorded record of the St. Boswells Fair which celebrates the Saint’s day of Boisil in the Gregorian calendar. This popular event still takes place in the village of St. Boswells in the Scottish Borders. 19th.19th July 1333The battle of Halidon Hill, Berwick Commenced.The English army led by Edward III and Edward Balliol defeated the Scots who were being commanded by Sir. Archibald Douglas.20th.20TH July 1811James Bruce, the 8th Lord Elgin, Scottish Liberal statesman and diplomat, was born.During his career he served as Governor-General of Canada, 1847-54, and India, 1862-63, and was also special envoy to China and Japan.21st.21 July 1796Robert Burns died in Dumfries. The cause of death appears to have been heart failure, probably brought on by the hard, physical work done in his youth.22nd.22 July 1650Oliver Cromwell invaded Scotland and proceeded to the eastern edge of Edinburgh where the Scots formed a defensive line within the city.23rd.23 July 1745Prince Charles Edward Stewart, "The Young Pretender", landed in Eriskay in the Outer Hebrides with only seven men. Bonnie Prince Charlie managed to talk Cameron of Lochiel into supporting his cause and within a month had raised his standard at Glenfinnan.24th.24th July 1567Mary, Queen of Scots was forced to abdicate the throne. Lord Ruthven and Lord Lindsay visited Mary while she was held at Loch Leven castle and threatened her with immediate execution if she did not sign the abdication papers there and then. Unsurprisingly, Mary abdicated.25th.25th July 1843Charles MacIntosh, inventor of the plastic mac, died. Charles discovered the first rainproof cloth in 1818, by joining two sheets of fabric together with dissolved India Rubber.26th.26th July 1513James iv. responded to requests for help from France and declared war on England. Apart from assisting the French, who had been invaded by an English army, James was also upset at England's seizing of two Scottish ships and the non-payment of part of the dowry for his wife, Margaret Tudor.27th.27th July 1689The Battle of Killiecrankie took place. This occurred when the government sent north an army to deal with Viscount Dundee and his newly formed Jacobite army in its Atholl heartland.The Jacobites delivered a crushing blow to the government troops under General Mackay.28th.28th July 1645At Dunkeld, Perthshire, the Royalist Marquess of Montrose beat General Baillie in a skirmish which was part of the English Civil War. For a war of position’s, the Highlanders had neither aptitude nor inclination and at Dunkeld the greater part of them went home.29th.29th July 1567King James VI was crowned at Stirling.Regarded as "The Wisest Fool in Christendom",he succeeded to the English throne in 1603.30th.30th July 1547The Protestants responsible for the murder of Cardinal David Beaton surrendered St Andrews Castle to French forces.Beaton's execution in 1546 of the popular preacher, George Wishart, sparked a rebellion of Protestant lairds who seized the castle and killed Beaton.31st.31st July 1187MacWilliam was beaten by William I of Scotland at Mam Garvia Moor, Moray.William I faced revolts in Galloway where he had the royal castle of Dumfries constructed to help keep the peace.