September

1st. September

1720

Prince James Francis Edward Stuart "The Old Pretender" and the Polish Princess Maria Clementina Sobieska were official marriage. The marriage took place at the Italian Cathedral of Montefiascone, and the union led to the birth of Charles Stewart in Rome in 1720. Maria Clementina Sobieska was one of Europe's richest heiresses and brought the Stuarts a cash injection

2nd. September

1834

Thomas Telford who was born in 1757 in the parish of Westkirk, Dumfriesshire died at the age of 77 at his home in London and was buried at Westminster Abbey. Telford was renowned for his engineering skills in designing bridges, aqueducts and Tunnels as well as many buildings

3rd. September

1650

Oliver Cromwell defeated the Scots at the Battle of Dunbar. After a defeat at Leith, Cromwell retreated to Dunbar. The English troops were attacked by the Scottish army, led by David Leslie, but on the muddy slopes of the Lammermuirs

4th. September

1241

The future King Alexander III was born at Roxburgh, in the Scottish Boarders to King Alexander II and his second wife Marie de Coucy. He was crowned King of the Scots on the 13th July 1249 at Scone Abbey, Scone, Perth and Kinross aged just 8 when his father died. Alexander III reigned until his death on the 19th March 1286

5th. September

1750

The poet Robert Fergusson was born in Edinburgh. Fergusson was one of Scotland's greatest poets penning such poem as “Auld Reekie” and “Hallow Fair”. Robert Fergusson was the man who Robert Burns acknowledged as his inspiration and was like an older brother to him

6th. September

1715

John Erskine, the 6th Earl of Mar, unfurled the standard of the “Old Pretender” King James Francis Edward Stuart at Braemar. Erskine’s actions were the start of the first of the major Jacobite Rebellions. King James and Erskine fled to France when the rebellion failed

7th. September

8th. September

1469

The Shetland Islands were mortgaged to Scotland as part of the marriage dowry between Princess Margrethe of Denmark and the future king James III who were married on 10 July 1469. With the marriage the kingdom of Scotland finally gained the last territories which make up Scotland as it is today

9th. September

1543

Mary Stuart was crowned Queen of Scotland at Stirling Castle, at the age of nine months. Mary’s father King James V died when Mary was only 6 days old after being ill with a fever

10th. September

1547

The battle of Pinkie Cleugh took place just outside Musselburgh on the banks of the river Esk. This was initiated by King Henry VIII who was attempting to secure his northern boarders through an alliance with Scotland, he proposed a union between his son Prince Edward and the young Mary Queen of Scots. Scottish parliament rejected King Henry’s proposal

11th. September

1297

William Wallace led his troops to victory at the Battle of Stirling Bridge. Wallace defeated King Edward I. in this great victory, which established him as the legitimate leader of the Scottish resistance

12th. September

1640

Sir William Alexander, 1st Earl of Stirling died. Although he was a Royal courtier and poet he was most renowned for being gifted large amounts of land in north America by King James VI which he named “Nova Scotia”

13th. September

1644

The Battle of Aberdeen took place just outside the town itself and was fought between Royalists and Covenanters

14th. September

1715

The Jacobite army commanded by John Erskine, 23rd Earl of Mar, seize Perth as part of the 1715 uprising

15th. September

16th. September

1701

King James VII/II died in France. His claim to the throne and the Jacobite cause is passed to his son James Francis Edward Stewart who was only 13 years old

17th. September

1854

David Dunbar Buick, who would go on to found the Buick Motor Company in the United States was born in Arbroath, Angus

18th. September

1959

47 miners were killed in the Auchengeich mining disaster when a fire broke out below ground at Auchengeich Colliery, Chryston, North Lanarkshire

19th. September

1806

Professor William Dyce was born in Aberdeen. Prof. Dyce was a renowned artist of his time with many of his works being displayed at the Tate Britain Art Gallery

20th. September

1746

Bonnie Prince Charlie sails for France from Loch nan Uamh, despite Charlie’s promise to return to his beloved Scotland this was the last time the prince was to set foot on Scottish soil

21st. September

1745

The Jacobite army loyal to Prince Charles Edward Stuart defeated the English Redcoats at the Battle of Prestonpans in the first significant battle of the 1745 uprising

22nd. September

23rd. September

24th. September

1332

Edward Balliol was crowned Edward King of Scotland at Scone Palace. Three months later he was forced to flee Scotland after a surprise attack by nobles loyal to David II in the battle of Annan

25th. September

1703

Archibald Campbell, 10th Earl and 1st Duke of Argyll, died. Archibald was one of two commissioners who offered the Scottish Crown to William and Mary. Archibald organised the Massacre of Glencoe when 38 of the MacDonald’s were killed when they refused to submit to William

26th. September

27th. September

1831

Scotland's first passenger railway opened which ran between Glasgow and Garnkirk

28th. September

1396

King Robert III of Scotland organised the Battle of the Clans in a bid to end the long running feud between the Clan Kay and the Clan Chattan. The battle was also known as the Battle of the Inch, as it was fought on Perth’s North Inch

29th. September

1952

John Cobb a racing driver who had broken the land speed record in 1938, 1939, and 1947 attempted the world water-speed record on Loch Ness. Unfortunately, his attempt ended in tragedy as the boat crashed and Cobb was killed

30th. September

1813

John Rae was born at the Hall of Clestrain in Orkney. Rae was most noted as being and explorer of Canada's Arctic and the discoverer of the North-West Passage, a historical sea passage of the North American continent

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